Cell BiologyThe Discovery and Structure of Cells

by Heather Falconer, M.A./M.S., Nathan Lents, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Cells Alive!

Online galleries and pictures of cells

Cellular Adaptations to Toxicity

from the Encyclopedia of Earth


Hooke microscope
Robert Hooke

Antony van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723)


Micrographia by Robert Hooke

The select works of Antony van Leeuwenhoek (1800)

News & Events

Discovery of a new organelle: Introducing the tannosome

Visionlearning blog post by Heather Falconer discussing the discovery of the organelle tannosome in plants.

Cellular Adaptations to Hypoxia

scientific article by Roland. H. Wegener

Cellular Adaptations to Toxicity

from the Encyclopedia of Earth


The History of Cell Theory

P. Mazzarello, Nature Cell Biology - A history of the research contributing to cell theory.

Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


The Virtual Animal Cell

Visionlearning interactive tour of a cell.

Inside a Cell

...by the help of Microscopes, there is nothing so small, as to escape our inquiry; hence there is a new visible World discovered to the understanding.
—Robert Hooke, 1635-1703