Chemical Relationships Acids and Bases : An Introduction

by Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Acid and Base, pH TutorialChemistry Dept., U. British Columbia - An excellent, comprehensive set of tutorials on acid/base chemistry including practice tests.

Acid-Base TutorialJ. Park, ChemTeam - Extensive tutorials detailing acid base chemistry in historical context.

History of Chemistry - Acids and BasesBBC - A summary of major advances in Acid Base research.


Svante Arrhenius

Svante Arrhenius

Johannes Bronsted

Johannes Brønsted


Some Remarks on the Concept of Acids and BasesJ. Brønsted - excerpts from his 1923 paper. 

The Measurement and Meaning of Hydrogen Ion ConcentrationS. Sörensen - excerpts from his 1909 paper. 

News & Events

Folic Acid Lowers Risk of Heart DiseaseU. Michigan (ScienceDaily)

Current Science NewsNews from around the world of science.


Google ScholarGoogle - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


Virtual TitrationMihye Won, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Virtual chemistry lab for acid-base titration.

Acid-Base SolutionsAn interactive simulation to explore how concentration and strength affect ph. Published by PhET at the University of Colorado.

The universe is full of magical things patiently waiting for our wits to grow sharper.
-Eden Phillpotts, 1862-1960

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