Chemical Relationships Acids and Bases : An Introduction

by Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Acid and Base, pH TutorialChemistry Dept., U. British Columbia - An excellent, comprehensive set of tutorials on acid/base chemistry including practice tests.

Acid-Base TutorialJ. Park, ChemTeam - Extensive tutorials detailing acid base chemistry in historical context.

Development of Acid and Base TheoryChemWorld - An summary of major advances in Acid Base research.


Svante Arrhenius

Svante Arrhenius

Johannes Bronsted

Johannes Brønsted


Some Remarks on the Concept of Acids and BasesJ. Brønsted - excerpts from his 1923 paper. 

The Meaning of Hydrogen Ion ConcentrationS. Sörensen - excerpts from his 1909 paper. 

News & Events

Folic Acid Lowers Risk of Heart DiseaseU. Michigan (ScienceDaily)

Current Science NewsLive news feeds from around the world of science.


Google ScholarGoogle - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


Virtual TitrationJ. Towell, Carroll College - Applet simulates acid titration of a base with multiple acids.

The universe is full of magical things patiently waiting for our wits to grow sharper.
-Eden Phillpotts, 1862-1960

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