Physical States and Properties States of Matter :

by Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

States of MatterChemtutor - A good overall description of the states of matter.

PhaseWikipedia - An excellent definition with links to descriptions of the various phases.

Perspectives on PlasmasT. Eastman, Plasmas International - Introductory description, pictures and great links.

Bose-Einstein CondensatesThe Why Files, U. Wisconsin - Background and description of the state of matter.


Biography

Thales

Thales

Satyendranath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose


Classics

Quantum Theory of the Monoatomic Ideal GasA. Einstein, Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, 1925 - Original draft manuscript, in Einstein's own handwriting, that predicts the clumping together of atoms into a "mono-atom" at absolute zero.


News & Events

Bose-Einstein Condensates Break Temperature RecordPhysics Web

Plasma Television DisplaysHowstuffworks

Current Science NewsLive news feeds from around the world of science.


Research

Quantum Theory of the Monoatomic Ideal GasA. Einstein, Proceedings of the Prussian Academy of Sciences, 1925 - Original draft manuscript, in Einstein's own handwriting, that predicts the clumping together of atoms into a "mono-atom" at absolute zero.

Bose-Einstein Condensation ResearchC. Weiman, U. Colorado - Current research page of the 2001 Nobel laureate who created the first B-E condensate. Includes illustrations of the state.

Google ScholarGoogle - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


Experiment!

Temperature and Absolute ZeroPhysics 2000 - An interactive java applet on the effect of temperature on matter. 

Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.
-Albert Einstein 1879-1955

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