Visualizing Scientific Data: An essential component of research

by Anne E. Egger, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Creating and using graphs

Statistics Canada - A more detailed exploration of different types of graphs, their uses, and how to make them.

Blood, Dirt, and Nomograms

T. Hankins, History of Science Society - A history of nomograms, and of the origins, development and uses of graphs since the 18th century.

Milestones in the History of Thematic Cartography, Statistical Graphics, and Data Visualization

An illustrated chronology of innovations by Michael Friendly and Daniel J. Denis

Biography

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale

Her use of graphics helped persuade people of the need for change.

Classics

Graph of the National Debt of England, 1786

The first data-based graphs were drawn by an economist, William Playfair.

News & Events

Visualization and the Communication of Science

Science Magazine

Visualizing a Virtual Reality

NSF

Current Science News

News from around the world of science.

Research

The Case of the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker

Visionlearning - This page provides free access to a full-text research article from Science magazine and includes discussion questions to use as a Scientific Writing exercise.

Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.

Experiment!

Interactive histogram

The Shodor Education Foundation - Explore histograms in more detail.

Create a graph

National Center for Educational Statistics - Allows user to input data and view varying graphical outputs.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States

National Academies Press: A Framework for K-12 Science Education