The Culture of Science The Nature of Scientific Knowledge :

by Anthony Carpi, Ph.D., Anne Egger, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy ProbeInformation on the probe and its data collection activities.

The Expanding UniverseFrom the American institute of Physics' "Ideas of Cosmology" series. Historical information about the Theories of a Static Universe.

Universe 101From NASA, a discussion on the age of the Universe and the Big Bang Theory.


Reflexions sur la puissance motrice du feuThe original paper (Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire and on Machines Fitted to Develop that Power) by Sadi Carnot, in French.

On the Moving Force of Heat...Clausius' original text, On the Moving Force of Heat, and the Laws regarding the Nature of Heat itself which are deducible therefrom, courtesy of the Biodiversity Heritage Library.

Einstein's Relativity: The Special and General Theory

News & Events

Darkness on the Edge of the UniverseOp-Ed in the New York Times by Brian Greene.


Google ScholarGoogle - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


Doppler Shift DemonstrationFrom the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, an animation of how the Doppler effect works.

Galactic Redshift SimulatorFrom the University of Nebraska, Lincoln, an interactive animation of redshift.

Science is the process of separating the probably true from the demonstrably false.
~E. P. Hubble to V. M. Slipher, March 6, 1953, LOA

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