Mecánica

Termodinámica I

por Zachary Hartman, Ph.D., Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Punto de Comprensión

Adding heat to ice water

Old Bess Steam Engine
Figure 1: Watt's steam engine "Old Bess" preserved at The Science Museum. image © geni
Sadi Carnot Large
Figure 2: Sadi Carnot

Punto de Comprensión

Energy can be converted from one form into a different form.

First Law of Thermodynamics
Figure 3: Diagram illustrating the First Law of Thermodynamics. On the left, a paddle wheel spins in a beaker of cool water; on the right, the paddle has stopped spinning and the temperature of the water has increased. This is a type of energy conversion where work (the spinning paddle) creates a proportional amount of heat (the warmer water). Throughout the process, though, the amount of energy in the system remains constant.

Punto de Comprensión

The kinetic theory of heat says that heat comes from

Punto de Comprensión

The calorimeter

Resumen

Without heat flow, nothing can move, no chemical reactions can take place, and no machines can run. This module introduces the concepts of heat and thermodynamics. It explains early ideas about heat and how scientists came to understand that heat and work are two different forms of the same thing. The First Law of Thermodynamics is described (simply put, energy cannot be created or destroyed). Other topics include latent heat and the measurement of heat.

Conceptos Clave

  • La termodinámica es el estudio de las relaciones entre el calor, la mecánica, la química y otras formas de energía y los efectos de estas formas de energía en o dentro de un sistema.

  • El calor es una forma de energía que se mueve de las áreas de mayor a menor y se puede convertir en energía de trabajo.

  • La Primera Ley de la Termodinámica, una variante de la Ley de Conservación de la Energía, establece que dentro de un sistema cerrado, la energía puede cambiar de forma pero no se puede crear ni destruir.

  • NGSS
  • HS-C4.2, HS-C5.3, HS-PS3.B2
  • Referencias
  • Carnot, S. (1960). Reflection on the Motive Power of Fire. New York, NY: Dover.

Zachary Hartman, Ph.D., Anthony Carpi, Ph.D. “Termodinámica I” Visionlearning Vol. PHY-1 (7), 2014.

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