Propiedades y Estados Físicos

Properties of Liquids

por Rachel Bernstein, Ph.D., Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

The Pitch Drop Experiment

Univ. of Queensland, Australia -information, including time-lapse video, about an experiment started in 1927 to illustrate the fluidity and high viscosity of pitch.

Soft Materials Research Center: Liquid Crystal Frontiers

Based at the Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, the SMRC is one of the principal centers of liquid crystal study and expertise in the US.


On Flowing Crystals

Otto Lehmann's 1889 article in Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie discussing the concept of liquid crystals.

News & Events

Bacteria used to create superfluids - researchers at the Université Paris-Sud and Université P.M. Curie/Université Paris-Diderot discovered that putting certain types of bacteria into an ordinary fluid can reduce the fluid's viscosity to zero (becoming a superfluid).

Strange state of matter found in chicken's eye

LiveScience - reports on discovery of "disordered hyperuniformity," an arrangement of particles that seems disorganized but has an order that allows material to behave like both a crystal and a liquid.


Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


States of Matter

PBS/NOVA - Interactive to explore how adjusting temperature and pressure changes matter between solid, liquid, and gas.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States

National Academies Press: A Framework for K-12 Science Education