American geologist, mineralogist, and naturalist, born in Utica, New York (1813-1895). Dana published A System of Mineralogy in 1837, which remains a standard in the field. He served as geologist and mineralogist on the U.S. Antarctic and South Seas expedition in 1838-1842. On returning to the states, he published Zoophytes (1846), Geology (1849), and Crustacea (1852-55). He served as coeditor of the American Journal of Science. His other publications include Manual of Geology (1862), Manual of Mineralogy (1843), Corals and Coral Islands (1872), and Characteristics of Volcanoes (1890).