Nightingale, Florence


English nurse and statistician born in Florence, Italy (1820-1910). Nightingale observed that poor sanitation was the leading cause of deaths in field hospitals during the Crimean War, and became a key activist for hospital sanitation. She was a skilled statistician, and used statistical observations to convince the Members of Parliament of the medical conditions during the Crimean War. Nightingale was also extremely influential in the field of nursing: the Nightingale School of Nursing still teaches her care-giving principles.

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