Correlation, as measured by the correlation coefficient, provides a measure of the strength and direction of a linear relationship between two random variables. While there are many measures of correlation, among the best known is the Pearson product-moment correlation, which ranges from -1 to 1. A correlation coefficient close to -1 indicates a strong negative correlation; a correlation coefficient close to 0 indicates little correlation; and a correlation coefficient close to 1 indicates a strong positive correlation.

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