Rocks and Minerals

Defining Minerals

by Anne E. Egger, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Minerals Information

USGS - Find information about mineral resources mined in your region. See how mining and extraction have changed over time in the United States and beyond, and how minerals are used today.

Mineralogy Database

A comprehensive and in-depth database of minerals, including pictures, chemical formulas, animations of atomic structure, listings of physical and chemical properties of minerals, and links to other sites with mineral data.

Common Minerals and Their Uses

Mineral Information Institute - A list of the most commonly used minerals, from aluminum to zirconium, including pictures.


Georgius Agricola

Georgius Agricola


De Re Metallica

Project Gutenberg - A web version of Agricola's 1550 classic book on mining.

News & Events

Mineral in Mars 'Berries' Adds to Water Story


Minerals are the key to deep earthquakes

Science Daily

Current Science News

News from around the world of science.


Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States

National Academies Press: A Framework for K-12 Science Education