Rocks and Minerals

The Silicate Minerals

by Anne E. Egger, Ph.D.

Further Exploration


James Calvert, Univ. of Denver - A comprehensive look at silicon, the element, including its incorporation into minerals, seawater, electronics, and building materials.

The Silicate Class

Amethyst Mineral Gallery - A comprehensive look at all of the silicate structures, including example minerals with chemical formulas and photographs.

X-Ray Crystallography

Wikipedia - A description of XRD and the history of its discovery.


Jons Jakob Berzelius

Jons Jakob Berzelius

Braggs father and son

William Henry Bragg

William Lawrence Bragg


The Diffraction of X-Rays by Crystals

Lawrence Bragg - 1915 Nobel Lecture

News & Events

Synthetic Clay Could Assist Radioactive Waste Cleanup



Silicate-Based Molecular Nanotechnology

Stephen L. Gillett, Univ. of Nevada - A comparison of silicon- and carbon-based chemistry and the potential applications in nanotechnology.

Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


How Waves Reveal the Atomic Structure of Crystals.

SUNY Stony Brook - An interactive exploration of X-ray diffraction (XRD).

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States

National Academies Press: A Framework for K-12 Science Education