Physical States and Properties

Properties of Solids

by Rachel Bernstein, Ph.D., Anthony Carpi, Ph.D.

Further Exploration

Phases of Matter

NASA / Glenn Research Center - explains the four states of matter (gas, liquid, solid, and plasma)

News & Events

What are quasicrystals, and what makes them Nobel-worthy?


Scientists have discovered a new state of matter, called 'Jahn-Teller metals'

Science Alert

Solid or liquid? Physicists redefine states of matter.



Google Scholar

Google - Research database allows searching of the scholarly literature.


Changing Matter

BGfl - Interactive that shows how the arrangement of particles in ice changes with increasing heat.

States of Matter

PBS/NOVA - Interactive to explore how adjusting temperature and pressure changes matter between solid, liquid, and gas.

Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)

Next Generation Science Standards: For States, By States

National Academies Press: A Framework for K-12 Science Education